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HomeDiseases and conditionsDiabetes mellitus: causes, symptoms, treatment and control

Diabetes mellitus: causes, symptoms, treatment and control

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Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels. It is essential to recognize the signs and symptoms of diabetes in order to seek proper diagnosis and treatment. In this material, we will explore the common symptoms of diabetes, to better understand this disease and to act promptly in case of suspicion.

Polyuria (frequent urination):
One of the distinctive symptoms of diabetes is polyuria, that is, the frequent need to urinate. Affected individuals may feel an increased need to go to the toilet, especially at night. This is because high blood sugar levels cause the kidneys to produce more urine to remove excess glucose from the body.

Polydipsia (excessive thirst):
Intense thirst or polydipsia is another common symptom of diabetes. Affected individuals may experience a constant feeling of thirst and may feel the need to drink large amounts of fluids. It occurs as a result of fluid loss through excessive urination and as the body’s response to high blood sugar levels.

Unexplained weight loss:
Some people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes may notice unintentional weight loss. This is because the body cannot use glucose effectively for energy and instead starts burning fat and protein to meet energy needs.

Fatigue and weakness:
Symptoms of fatigue and weakness can be present in diabetes, especially when blood glucose levels are not adequately controlled. Because the cells do not receive enough glucose to function properly, a persistent feeling of fatigue and weakness occurs.

Slow wound healing:
Diabetes can affect the body’s ability to heal wounds. High blood sugar levels can affect blood circulation and immune system function, which can make the healing process more difficult. Wounds, cuts, or scrapes may persist longer and may require additional medical attention.

Blurry vision:
Some people with diabetes may experience blurred vision or fluctuations in vision. This is due to temporary changes in the fluid in the eye caused by fluctuations in blood sugar levels. This vision problem can often be reversed once glucose levels stabilize.

Common infections:
People with diabetes are prone to frequent infections, such as skin infections, urinary tract infections, and fungal infections. High blood sugar levels and poor immune system function can create an environment conducive to the growth of bacteria and fungi.

Conclusion:
Recognizing the signs and symptoms of diabetes is essential to seek early diagnosis and treatment. If you notice these symptoms or have cause for concern, it is important to seek appropriate medical evaluation. Early diagnosis and proper control of diabetes can help manage the disease and prevent long-term complications. For any suspicion of diabetes, it is always recommended to consult a medical specialist for proper evaluation and care.

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